Bibliography: Enslaved + Free (Labor)

Banks, Nathaniel. General Orders no. 122, 1864.  

Barrow, David H. “David H. Barrow Labor Agreement with Freedmen,” n.d. http://hnoc.minisisinc.com/THNOC/SCRIPTS/mwimain.dll/557/1/7/8075?RECORD.

Bienvenu, F.M. “F. M. Bienvenu Labor Agreement with Freedmen,” n.d. http://hnoc.minisisinc.com/THNOC/SCRIPTS/mwimain.dll/557/1/6/8074?RECORD.

Clayton, Ralph. Cash for Blood: the Baltimore to New Orleans Domestic Slave Trade. Bowie Md.: Heritage Books, 2002.  

DeLatte, Carolyn E, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, and Center for Louisiana Studies. Antebellum Louisiana, 1830-1860. The Louisiana Purchase bicentennial series in Louisiana history ;; v. 4;. Lafayette, La.: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2004.  

Deville, Winston, and Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. “Manuscript,” n.d.

Fogel, Robert, and Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. The New Orleans Slave Sale Sample, 1804-1862. 1st ed. Ann Arbor Mich.: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, 1976.  

Howland, Wing. “A Tale of Terror.” Niles’ Weekly Register, 1822.

Ingersoll, Thomas N. “Free Blacks in a Slave Society: New Orleans, 1718-1812.” The William and Mary Quarterly 48, no. 2. Third Series (April 1991): 173-200.  

Johnson, Walter. “Masters and Slaves in the Market: Slavery and the New Orleans Trade, 1804-1864.” Dissertation, history, Princeton University, 1995.  

———. Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market. Cambridge, Mass. :: Harvard University Press,, 1999.  

Louisiana. Acts of the General Assembly of Louisiana, Regulating Labor. Extra Session, 1865. New Orleans: J.O. Nixon, State Printer, 1866.  

McCoy, A. D. Thoughts on Labor in the South, Past, Present and Future. New Orleans: Blelock & Co, 1865.  

Messner, William F. Freedmen and the Ideology of Free Labor: Louisiana, 1862-1865. USL history series ;; no. 12;. Lafayette, La.: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1978.  

New Orleans (La.). Lists of Slaves Imported for Sale in the City of New Orleans,, 1831.  

Payton & Smith, Firm, New Orleans.;Slidell, Benjamin & Conrad, Firm, New Orleans.;Louisiana. Briefs of Cases Brought Against Insurance Companies in the Supreme Court of Louisiana, Regarding Slaves who Gained Their Freedom by Landing on British Soil. New Orleans: Auguste Brusle Printer, 1842.  

Phillips, Ulrich Bonnell. Life and Labor in the Old South, Boston, Little, Brown, and Co., 1929.  

Pritchett, Jonathan B., and Herman Freudenberger. “A Peculiar Sample: The Selection of Slaves for the New Orleans Market.” The Journal of Economic History 52, no. 1 (March 1992): 109-127.  

Reinders, Robert C. “The Free Negro in the New Orleans Economy, 1850-1860.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 6, no. 3 (Summer 1965): 273-285.  

Shugg, Roger W. Origins of Class Struggle in Louisiana: A Social History of White Farmers and Laborers During Slavery and After, 1840-1875. [Baton Rouge,] La: Louisiana State University Press, 1939.  

———. Origins of Class Struggle in Louisiana: A Social History of White Farmers and Laborers During Slavery and After, 1840-1875. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1968.  

The Freedmen’s Bureau and Reconstruction: Reconsiderations. 1st ed. New York: Fordham University Press, 1999.  

Towers, Frank. The Urban South and the Coming of the Civil War. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2004.  

U.S. Customs Service. Port of New Orleans, Louisiana : Inward Slave Manifests, 1807.  

———. Port of New Orleans, Louisiana : Outward Slave Manifests, 1812.  

United States. The Freedmen of Louisiana. Final Report of the Bureau of Free Labor, Department of the Gulf, to Major General E. R. S. Canby, Commanding. New Orleans: Printed at the New Orleans Times Book and Job Office, 1865.  

Urban, Chester. Slavocracy and Empire: New Orleans and the Attempted Expansion of Slavery, 1845-1861, 1980.  

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