Bibliography: Mardi Gras Indians

Hurst, Willmarine. “Contrast and comparison of the Mardi Gras Indians of New Orleans,” 2008.  

Kennedy, Al. Big Chief Harrison and the Mardi Gras Indians. Pelican Publishing, 2010.  

Lipsitz, George. “Mardi Gras Indians: Carnival and Counter-Narrative in Black New Orleans.” Cultural Critique, no. 10 (Autumn 1988): 99-121.  

Modica, Justine, and Dartmouth College. “Mardi Gras Indians and the Krewe of Zulu : a history of black carnival traditions in New Orleans,” 2009.  

Osborn, Royce. All on a Mardi Gras Day. Spyboy Pictures, 2008.

Roach, Joseph. “Mardi Gras Indians and Others: Genealogies of American Performance.” Theatre Journal 44, no. 4 (December 1992): 461-483.  

Sands, Rosita M. “Carnival Celebrations in Africa and the New World: Junkanoo and the Black Indians of Mardi Gras.” Black Music Research Journal 11, no. 1 (Spring 1991): 75-92.  

Smith, Michael. Mardi Gras Indians. Pelican Publishing, 1994.  

Smith, Michael P. “Behind the Lines: The Black Mardi Gras Indians and the New Orleans Second Line.” Black Music Research Journal 14, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 43-73.  

VanSpanckeren, Kathryn. “The Mardi Gras Indian Song Cycle: A Heroic Tradition.” MELUS 16, no. 4 (Winter, – Winter, 1990 1989): 41-56.  

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