Bibliography: Culture, Politics, and Law
New Orleans’s French and Spanish colonial roots irrevocably shaped its political and legal culture. Cradled in this history is a heterogeneous set of legal practices that gird New Orleans’ cultural and historical differences with British North America. These include the Code Noir, a set of legal measures promulgated in 1724 to police chattel slavery and the large population of free people of color; and the 1808 Civil Code, arguably based on either Napoleonic or Spanish colonial law. New Orleans politics is more famous for its defiance of norms than for its accordance with them. Names like Huey Long and Edwin Edwards, places like pool halls and back rooms, and words like “under-the-table” evoke rowdy, dangerous, controversial and sometimes smutty, political memories. New Orleans political culture also emphasizes family heritage, generational roots, questions of “belonging” to the city, and issues of racial domination and disenfranchisement. Family dynasties dominate city politics in both the twentieth (for example, Morial), and twenty-first centuries (for example, Landrieu.)
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Baade, Hans W. “The Gens de Couleur of Louisiana: Comparative Slave Law in Microcosm.” Cardozo Law Review 18 (1996): 535-586.
Baum, Dan. Nine Lives: Death and Life in New Orleans. 1st ed. Spiegel & Grau, 2009.
Bennett, James B. Religion and the Rise of Jim Crow in New Orleans. Princeton University Press, 2005.
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Brady, Patricia. “Black Artists in Antebellum New Orleans.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 32, no. 1 (Winter 1991): 5-28.
Bryan, Violet Harrington. The Myth of New Orleans in Literature: Dialogues of Race and Gender. University of Tennessee Press, 1993.
Bullard, Robert D. The Black Metropolis in the Twenty-First Century: Race, Power, and Politics of Place. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2007.
Buras, Kristen, Jim Randels, and Kalamu ya Salaam. Pedagogy, Policy, and the Privatized City: Stories of Dispossession and Defiance from New Orleans. New York: Columbia Teachers College Press, 2010.
Burns, Mick, ed. Walking with Legends: Barry Martyn’s New Orleans Jazz Odyssey, n.d.
Campbell-Rock, C. C. “Black Tourists Pump Millions into the New Orleans Economy…White Businesses Are Getting All the Bucks…What’s Up?.” New Orleans Tribune, July 1998.
Cass, Julia. “Notable Mardi Gras Absences Reflect Loss of Black Middle Class.” washingtonpost.com, February 25, 2006. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/24/AR2006022401765.html.
Christian, Marcus. “I Am New Orleans.” Literary Journal/archive, 6, 2008. http://www.nathanielturner.com/iamneworleans.htm.
Clark, Emily. Masterless Mistresses the New Orleans Ursulines and the Development of a New World Society. Williamsburg: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 2007. Table of contents only http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip073/2006033612.html.
Clark, John G. New Orleans, 1718-1812: An Economic History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1976.
Dawdy, Shannon Lee. Building the Devil’s Empire: French Colonial New Orleans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Dent, Tom. “Marcus B. Christian: A Reminiscence and an Appreciation.” Black American Literature Forum 18, no. 1 (Spring 1984): 22-26.
Din, Gilbert C., and John E. Harkins. The New Orleans Cabildo: Colonial Louisiana’s First City Government 1769-1803. Library of Southern civilization. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.
Dreisinger, Baz. Near Black: White-to-Black Passing in American Culture. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008.
Fabre, Michel. “The New Orleans Press and French-Language Literature by Creoles of Color.” In Multilingual America: Transnationalism, Ethnicity, and the Languages of American Literature, edited by Werner Sollors. NYU Press, 1998.
Fandrich, Ina Johanna. The Mysterious Voodoo Queen, Marie Laveaux : A Study of Powerful Female Leadership in Nineteenth-century New Orleans. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Foner, Laura. “The Free People of Color in Louisiana and St. Domingue: A Comparative Portrait of Two Three-Caste Slave Societies.” Journal of Social History 3, no. 4 (Summer 1970): 406-430.
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Frink, Sandra Margaret. “Spectacles of the Street: Performance, Power, and Public Space in Antebellum New Orleans (Louisiana).” Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin, 2004.
Gill, James. Lords of Misrule: Mardi Gras and the Politics of Race in New Orleans. University Press of Mississippi, 1997.
Guillory, Monique. Some Enchanted Evening on the Auction Block the Cultural Legacy of the New Orleans Quadroon Balls. New York: Guillory, 1999.
Haas, Edward F. “The Expedient of Race: Victor H. Schiro, Scott Wilson, and the New Orleans Mayoralty Campaign of 1962.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 42, no. 1 (Winter 2001): 5-29.
Haddox, Thomas F. “The “Nous” of Southern Catholic Quadroons: Racial, Ethnic, and Religious Identity in “Les Cenelles”.” American Literature 73, no. 4 (December 2001): 757-778.
Harrison, James A. “Native French Literature in Louisiana..” The Critic: a Weekly Review of Literature and the Arts, no. 187 (July 30, 1887): 49.
Hersch, Charles B. Subversive Sounds: Race and the Birth of Jazz in New Orleans. University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Hirsch, Arnold R. Dutch Morial: Old Creole in the New South. New Orleans: College of Urban & Public Affairs, University of New Orleans, 1990.
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Johnson, Jerah. “Jim Crow Laws of the 1890s and the Origins of New Orleans Jazz: Correction of an Error.” Popular Music 19, no. 2 (April 2000): 243-251.
———. “New Orleans’ Congo Square: An Urban Setting for Early Afro-Amerian Culture Formation.” Louisiana History 32 (1991): 117-157.
Johnson, Walter. “The Slave Trader, the White Slave, and the Politics of Racial Determination in the 1850s.” The Journal of American History 87, no. 1 (June 2000): 13-38.
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King, Grace Elizabeth. New Orleans; the place and the people, Macmillan and co., 1896.
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Lachance, Paul. “The Formation of a Three-Caste Society: Evidence from Wills in Antebellum New Orleans.” Social Science History 18, no. 2 (Summer 1994): 211-242.
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“Le Code Noir, ou Édit du Roi, servant de règlement pour le gouvernement et l’adiminstration de la justice, police, discipline et le commerce des esclaves nègres, dans la province et colonie de la Louisianne; donné à Versailles au mois de Mars 1724.” In Le code noir, ou, recueil des réglemens rendus jusquà présent: concernant le gouvernement, l’administration de la justice, la police, la discipline & le commerce des négres dans es colonies françoises, et les conseils & compagnies établis à ce sujet. Paris: Chez L. F. Prault, 1742.
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Lipsitz, George. “Mardi Gras Indians: Carnival and Counter-Narrative in Black New Orleans.” Cultural Critique, no. 10. Issue Title: Popular Narrative, Popular Images (Autumn 1988): 99-121.
Liu, Baodong. Race Rules: Electoral Politics in New Orleans, 1965-2006. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2007.
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Murray, Richard, and Arnold Vedlitz. “Racial Voting Patterns in the South: An Analysis of Major Elections from 1960 to 1977 in Five Cities.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 439. Issue Title: Urban Black Politics (September 1978): 29-39.
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Osbey, Brenda Marie. All Saints: New and Selected Poems. Louisiana State University Press, 1997.
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Peabody, Sue, and Keila Grinberg. “French Crown, The Code Noir, 1685.” In Slavery, Freedom, and the Law in the Atlantic World: A Brief History with Documents, 31-35. New York, NY: Macmillian, 2007.
Rankin, David C. “The Politics of Caste: Free Colored Leadership in New Orleans during the Civil War.” In Louisiana’s Black Heritage, edited by Robert R. MacDonald, John R. Kemp, and Edward F. Haas, 107-146. New Orleans: Louisiana State Museum, 1979.
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Regis, Helen A. “Second Lines, Minstrelsy, and the Contested Landscapes of New Orleans Afro-Creole Festivals.” Cultural Anthropology 14, no. 4 (November 1999): 472-504.
Riddell, William Renwick. “Le Code Noir.” Journal of Negro History 10, no. 3 (1925): 321-329.
Roach, Joseph. Cities of the Dead. Columbia University Press, 1996.
Rohrer, John. The Eighth Generation: Cultures and Personalities of New Orleans Negroes. Harper, 1960.
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Willis, Deborah. Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers, 1840 to the Present. 1st ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000.