Bibliography: Civil Rights and the New South

Struggles for civil rights in Louisiana date back to early statehood, but titles in this subcategory coincide with the Civil Rights Movement of the mid-twentieth century. Louisiana established black voting rights as early as 1948, and began integrating its public universities in 1954. The political interests of Governor Earl Long and pressure from New Orleans civil rights activists like A. P. Tureaud and Ernest “Dutch” Morial (later the city’s first black mayor) were crucial to these early advances. But the 1960-61 crisis over school integration in New Orleans proved that progress would be far from smooth. The 1970s brought economic prosperity to Louisiana as agriculture was mechanized and new industries (petroleum) were developed. Race and class influenced the impact of the boom, as wealthy whites moved out of New Orleans and into surrounding suburbs leaving New Orleans a majority black city with a sharply reduced tax base. Recent studies have also addressed sports culture and the impact of Katrina on New Orleans’s legacy in the New South.

Anderson, R. Bentley. Black, White, and Catholic: New Orleans Interracialism, 1947-1956. Vanderbilt University Press, 2008.  

Baker, Liva. The Second Battle of New Orleans: The Hundred-Year Struggle to Integrate the Schools. PerfectBound, 1996.  

Bontemps, Arna. “Special Collections of Negroana.” The Library Quarterly 14, no. 3 (July 1944): 187-206.  

Bridges, Ruby. Through My Eyes. Scholastic Press, 2000.  

Bullard, Robert D. In Search of the New South: The Black Urban Experience in the 1970s and 1980s. First Edition. University Alabama Press, 1991.

Chapter 2, “New Orleans: The City That Care Forgot,” by Beverly Hendrix Wright is a case study of New Orleans.


Fairclough, Adam. Race & Democracy: The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972. University of Georgia Press, 1999.  

Germany, Kent B. New Orleans After the Promises: Poverty, Citizenship, and the Search for the Great Society. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2007.  

Hyde, Samuel C., Jr. Sunbelt Revolution: The Historical Progression of the Civil Rights Struggle in the Gulf South, 1866-2000. 1st ed. University Press of Florida, 2003.

Chapters 2 and 9 focus on Louisiana.


Inger, Morton. “Politics and Reality in an American City; The New Orleans School Crisis of 1960. A Monograph..” Center for Urban Education, February 1969. ERIC.

La Violette, Forrest Emmanuel. Negro Housing in New Orleans, 1957.  

Louis, Alex, Walter Bowles, and Raymond Grace. Study of Racial Attitudes in Louisiana, Fall of 1966, 1966.  

Moore, Leonard N. Black Rage in New Orleans: Police Brutality and African American Activism from World War II to Hurricane Katrina. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.  

Needham, Maurice d’Arlan. Negro Orleanian: Status and Stake in a City’s Economy and Housing. New Orleans: Tulane Publications, 1962.  

Orleans, Social Welfare Planning Council (New, and La.). Research Dept. Progress and Challenge, 1969.  

Patterson, Sunni. “We Know This Place.” American Quarterly 61, no. 3 (Fall 2009): 719-722.  

Reissman, Leonard, Tulane University. Urban Studies Center, and New Orleans (La.). City Planning Commission. Housing Discrimination in New Orleans. Tulane Urban Studies Center, Tulane University, 1970.  

Rogers, Kim. Righteous Lives: Narratives of the New Orleans Civil Rights Movement. NYU Press, 1995.  

Souther, J. Mark. “Into the Big League: Conventions, Football, and the Color Line in New Orleans.” Journal of Urban History 29, no. 6 (2003): 694-725.  

Spain, Daphne. “Race Relations and Residential Segregation in New Orleans: Two Centuries of Paradox.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 441. Issue Title: Race and Residence in American Cities (January 1979): 82-96.  

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