New Orleans’ rich labor history has yet to receive as much scholarly attention as it deserves. Eric Arnesen’s Waterfront Workers of New Orleans: Race, Class, and Politics, 1863-1923 stands as a watershed study in US history as well as New Orleans studies. More than two decades following publication of Waterfront Workers, students of New Orleans labor history seldom venture beyond the dockworkers and their realm.
This bibliography seeks to highlight the lesser-known scholarship related to the city’s labor history and working-class culture, and encourage new approaches by providing pathways to less-utilized primary sources. It also seeks to include the histories of fur trappers, fishers, and workers in the sugar, lumber, oil and petrochemical, and similar industries in the region. Ongoing interdisciplinary research conducted by members of the Avondale Shipyard Research Group and participants in the series of New Orleans Labor Studies conferences sponsored by the University of New Orleans and Tulane University promises that this online resource will continue to expand.
Some suggestions for essential starting places are noted with double asterisks in the Main Bibliography. Sub-categories are available for the following topics:
- Economics + Social Sciences
- Enslaved + Free
- Ethnicity + Race
- Periodicals + Literature
- Politics + Reform
- Radical + Utopian
- Sex Work
- Ship Building
- Working Class
Ainsworth (Destroyer escort ship : DE-1090). Ocean escort, United States ship Ainsworth (DE-1090) : built by Avondale Shipyards, Incorporated, Westwego, Louisiana keel laid … [S.l.: s.n., 1973.
“Alice W. Lyman Collection,” n.d. Special Collections. University of New Orleans. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/133.htm.
Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees of America. Tenth Grand Picnic. The Entire Profit to Go to the New Orleans Chapter, American Red Cross. Southern Park, Monday, May 27, 1918. [New Orleans, 1918.
Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees of America. Third Annual Outing of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees of America, Division 194 of New Orleans, Louisiana : Fair Grounds, Sunday, July 8th, 1906, for the Benefit. [New Orleans: The Association, 1906.
Ambrose, Edith. “A Revolution of Hope: New Orleans Workers and Their Unions, 1923-1939.” Dissertation, history, Tulane University, 1998.
“American Association of University Professors, L.S.U.N.O. Chapter Collection,” n.d. Special Collections. University of New Orleans. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/040.htm.
American Federation of Labor. Handbook for Trade Unions. Washington, D.C: American federation of labor, 1929.
Anthony, Arthé A. “”Lost Boundaries”: Racial Passing and Poverty in Segregated New Orleans.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 36, no. 3 (Summer 1995): 291-312.
Arnesen, Eric. Black Protest and the Great Migration: A Brief History with Documents. The Bedford series in history and culture. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2003.
———. “Up from Exclusion: Black and White Workers, Race, and the State of Labor History.” Reviews in American History 26, no. 1 (March 1998): 146-174.
**———. Waterfront Workers of New Orleans Race, Class, and Politics, 1863-1923. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
“Avondale Shipyards Collection, University of New Orleans Special Collections,” n.d. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/336.htm.
“Avondale Shipyards, Avondale Industries, NGSB New Orleans, Northrop Grumman Ship Systems,” n.d. http://shipbuildinghistory.com/history/shipyards/1major/active/avondale.htm.
Bailly-Blanchard, Th, and La. ) Th. Bailly-Blanchard & Co. (New Orleans. Remarks on the Chinese and Coolies. [New Orleans, La.: s.n., 1854.
Bakery and Confectionery Workers’ International Union. Please Don’t Patronize These Bakeries, they are Unfair to Bakers Local no. 35. [New Orleans: The Union, 1935.
Ban Federal Funds from Funding Avondale Closure, 2011. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QUa7kN_9oQs&feature=youtube_gdata_player.
Banks, Nathaniel. General Orders no. 122, 1864.
Barrow, David H. “David H. Barrow Labor Agreement with Freedmen,” n.d. http://hnoc.minisisinc.com/THNOC/SCRIPTS/mwimain.dll/557/1/7/8075?RECORD.
Barthe, Darryl. “New Orleans‘ Plasterers‘ Union Local 93: Afro-Creole Identity, Family and Organized Labor, 1898-1954.” MA Thesis, University of New Orleans, 2009. http://louisdl.louislibraries.org/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/NOD&CISOPTR=851&CISOBOX=1&REC=8.
Becnel, Thomas. Labor, Church, and the Sugar Establishment: Louisiana, 1887-1976. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980.
———. “Louisiana Senator Allen J. Ellender and IWW Leader Covington Hall: An Agrarian Dichotomy.” Louisiana History 23, no. 3 (1982): 259.
Bellocq, E. J, and International Center of Photography. The Mysterious Monsieur Bellocq / Wallis, Brian,; 1953-. New York : International Center of Photography ; Rochester, NY : George Eastman House, 2004.
Bellocq, E. J. Sontag. Bellocq: Photographs from Storyville, the Red-Light District of New Orleans / Friedlander, Lee. New York: Random House, 1996.
Bienvenu, F.M. “F. M. Bienvenu Labor Agreement with Freedmen,” n.d. http://hnoc.minisisinc.com/THNOC/SCRIPTS/mwimain.dll/557/1/6/8074?RECORD.
Biles, Roger. “The Urban South in the Great Depression.” The Journal of Southern History 56, no. 1 (February 1990): 71-100.
Blackmon, Jack. The New Llano Cooperative Society, Louisiana and the R.F. Blackmon family, Fall 1917 – March 1918. Corpus Christi TX: J.R. Blackmon, 1994.
———. The New Llano Cooperative Society, Louisiana and the R.F. Blackmon family, Fall 1917 – March 1918. Corpus Christi TX: J.R. Blackmon, 1994.
Bobo, James R. A Place to Live: Housing in New Orleans. Special study – Urban Studies Institute, University of New Orleans ;; no. 1; Variation: University of New Orleans.; Urban Studies Institute.; Special study – Urban Studies Institute, University of New Orleans ;; no. 1. [New Orleans]: Urban Studies Institute, University of New Orleans, 1978.
———. Statistical Abstract of Louisiana / Etheridge, Sandra A. New Orleans, Louisiana, 1967.
**———. The New Orleans Economy: Pro Bono Publico? Research study – Division of Business and Economic Research, University of New Orleans ;; no. 19; Variation: Research study (University of New Orleans. Division of Business and Economic Research) ;; no. 19. [New Orleans]: Division of Business and Economic Research, College of Business Administration, University of New Orleans, 1975.
Bobo, James R, and College of Business Administration Division of Business and Economic Research. Personal Income in Louisiana and Its Metropolitan Areas, Selected Years, 1929-1968 / Mumphrey, Anthony J. Louisiana State University, College of Business Administration, Division of Business and Economic Research; Research Study ;; 11;. New Orleans, 1969.
Boscareno, Jared. “The Rise and Fall of the Louisiana Muskrat, 1890-1960: An Environmental and Social History.” MA Thesis, University of New Orleans, 2009. http://louisdl.louislibraries.org/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/NOD&CISOPTR=875&CISOBOX=1&REC=1.
Bourg, Charles. “Interview with Avondale Shipyards Labor Relations Representative.” Interview by Maci Muscarello. Word processed file, November 16, 2010. University of New Orleans Community History Project.
Bovenkerk, F. “The Year without Mardi Gras: The New Orleans Police Strike of 1979.” CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE 20, no. 1 (1993): 53.
Boyer, Jim, and WWL (Television Station : New Orleans, La.). New Orleans Police Strike, 1981.
“Building Arts Collection,” 1998. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/312.htm.
Built in Louisiana ; a Social History of Louisiana Carpenters. New Orleans, La: Louisiana Council of Carpenters, 1985.
Byrnes,, William Henry, and Bar Association of New Orleans. “The Depression and a Suggestion: Unemployment the Paramount Problem, Make Labor Saving Machinery Rescue the Nation.,” n.d. http://hnoc.minisisinc.com/THNOC/SCRIPTS/mwimain.dll/526/1/11/13440?RECORD.
Carpenter, Charles Gerald. Southern Labor and the Southern-Urban Continuum, 1919-1929, 1973.
———. The New Orleans Street Railway Strike of 1929-1930, 1970.
Catholic Council on Human Relations, New Orleans, La., 1961-1964. “Records: Catholic Council on Human Relations, 1961-64,” n.d.
Center for Southeast Louisiana Studies. “AFL-CIO Collection,” n.d. http://www.selu.edu/acad_research/programs/csls/historical_collections/archival_collections/a_b/AFL-CIO_Collection.html.
———. “Ramsey Lumber Photo Collection,” n.d. http://www.selu.edu/acad_research/programs/csls/historical_collections/photo_collections/r_s_photos/ramsey_lumber.html.
Central Trades and Labor Council (New Orleans, La. ). The Danger of the St. Lawrence Seaway to Organized Labor. [New Orleans, La.: Central Trades & Labor Council?, 1933.
Central Trades and Labor Council of New Orleans. Souvenir Program … 1936 Labor Day Celebration. Municipal Auditorium, Monday, September 7, 1936, New Orleans, La. New Orleans, 1936.
Central Trades and Labor Council, New Orleans. Great Industrial Edition of the Central Trades and Labor Council, New Orleans, La. [New Orleans?: The Council, Allied Printing), 1912.
Central Trades and Labor Council, New Orleans, La. Great Industrial Edition of the Central Trades and Labor Council, New Orleans, La. New Orleans: The Council, 1912.
**Chai, Charles Y. W. “Who Rules New Orleans?: A Study of Community Power Structure..” Louisiana Business Survey, no. 16. Division of Business and Economic Research, College of Business and Administration, University of New Orleans (October 1971): 2-11.
Chalaron, Claire. The Registered Nurse in New Orleans, New Orleans: Orleans Parish School Board, 1930.
Chamber of Commerce of the New Orleans Area. Racial Aspects of Labor Supply and Employment in New Orleans. New Orleans, 1943.
Chamberlain, Charles D. “Manpower, Region and Race: Mobilizing Southern Workers for World War Two, 1939-1948.” Dissertation, history, Tulane University, 1999.
———. Victory at Home: Manpower and Race in the American South During World War II. Economy and society in the modern South. Athens, Ga: University of Georgia Press, 2003.
Chaplin, Ralph. When The Leaves Come Out: Poems of the Revolution. Chicago: Rebel Press, 1934.
Children Bound to Labor: The Pauper Apprentice System in Early America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009.
Choi, Kyou E. Employment Trends in Louisiana, 1947-1964. New Orleans: Division of Business and Economic Research, College of Business Administration, Louisiana State University in New Orleans, 1966.
“Christian Woman’s Exchange (New Orleans, La.) | Tulane University Special Collections,” n.d. http://specialcollections.tulane.edu/archon/?p=creators/creator&id=151.
Clayton, Ralph. Cash for Blood: the Baltimore to New Orleans Domestic Slave Trade. Bowie Md.: Heritage Books, 2002.
Cohen, Hennig. “The History of ‘Poor Boy,’ the New Orleans Bargain Sandwich.” American Speech 25, no. 1 (February 1950): 67-69.
Colten, Craig E. “Cypress in New Orleans: Revisiting the Observations of Le Page du Pratz.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 44, no. 4 (Autumn 2003): 463-477.
Committee on Ethnicity in New Orleans, and Cooke, John W., eds. Perspectives on Ethnicity in New Orleans. Vol. 1. New Orleans: Committee on Ethnicity in New Orleans, 1979.
Condran, Gretchen A., and Harold R. Lentzner. “Early Death: Mortality among Young Children in New York, Chicago, and New Orleans.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 34, no. 3 (Winter 2004): 315-354.
Cook, Bernard. “Covington Hall and Radical Rural Unionization in Louisiana.” Louisiana History 18, no. 2 (1977): 227.
———. “The Typographical Union and the New Orleans General Strike of 1892.” Louisiana History 24, no. 4 (1983): 377.
**Cook, Bernard A. Louisiana Labor, from Slavery to “right-to-Work” / Watson, James R. Lanham: University Press of America, 1985.
Cooke, John W, and Committee on Ethnicity in New Orleans, eds. Perspectives on Ethnicity in New Orleans. Vol. 2. 3 vols. New Orleans: Committee on Ethnicity, 1980.
Cooke, John W., ed. Perspectives on Ethnicity in New Orleans. Vol. 3. 3 vols. New Orleans: Committee on Ethnicity in New Orleans, 1981.
Cooper, Caitlin. The Press and Public Opinion in the 1929-1930 Streetcar Strike in New Orleans, 2001.
Cooper, Patricia A. “Recasting Labor History: A Response to Philip Scranton.” International Labor and Working-Class History, no. 35 (Spring 1989): 23-30.
Coyle, Katy, and Nadiene Van Dyke. “Sex, Smashing, and Storyville in Turn-of-the-Century New Orleans : Reexamining the Continuum of Lesbian Sexuality.” In Carryin’ on in the Lesbian and Gay South. New York: New York University Press, 1997.
Craig, Anne O. Allen, Maia Harris, and Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities. Storyville the Naked Dance. Shanachie Entertainment Corp., 2000.
Davis-Kram, Harriet. “Nontraditional Teaching: Social History in the Streets.” Magazine of History 5, no. 2 (Fall 1990): 11-13.
Davis, Frank Marshall. Writings of Frank Marshall Davis: A Voice of the Black Press. 1st ed. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.
Davis, William H. “William H. Davis Collection,” n.d. Special Collections. University of New Orleans. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/074.htm.
DeLatte, Carolyn E, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, and Center for Louisiana Studies. Antebellum Louisiana, 1830-1860. The Louisiana Purchase bicentennial series in Louisiana history ;; v. 4;. Lafayette, La.: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2004.
Dethloff, Henry C., and Robert R. Jones. “Race Relations in Louisiana, 1877-98.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 9, no. 4 (Autumn 1968): 301-323.
Deville, Winston, and Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. “Manuscript,” n.d.
Down but Not Out Dos Americas: The Reconstruction of New Orleans. Upheaval Productions, 2008.
Duvall, Mark. “The New Orleans Female Orphan Society: Labor, Education, and Americanization, 1817-1833.” University of New Orleans, 2009. http://louisdl.louislibraries.org/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/NOD&CISOPTR=880&CISOBOX=1&REC=9.
Edler, Dorothy Ittman. Administration of the Child Labor Law in New Orleans, 1945.
“Elizabeth Rogers Collection,” n.d. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/176.htm.
**Ettinger, Brian Gary. “John Fitzpatrick and the Limits of Working-Class Politics in New Orleans, 1892-1896.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 26, no. 4 (Autumn 1985): 341-367.
Everard, Wayne. “NOPL: WPA Photograph Collection,” n.d. http://www.nutrias.org/~nopl/photos/wpa/wpaphotos.htm.
Farrington, Clifford. Biracial Unions on Galveston’s Waterfront, 1865-1925. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2007.
Fazendeville community members. “Fazendeville,” n.d. http://doyouknowwhatitmeans.org/fazendeville.html.
Ferrell, Jeff. “”The Song the Capitalist Never Sings”: The Brotherhood of Timber Workers and the Culture of Conflict.” Labor History 32, no. 3 (June 1, 1991): 422-431.
Fichter, Joseph H. “Joseph H. Fichter, S.J., Papers,” n.d. http://library.loyno.edu/services_collections/speccoll/finding_aids/fichter.php.
Fichter, Joseph Henry. Social Relations in the Urban Parish. [Chicago] University of Chicago Press, 1954.
———. Southern Parish. Volume 1. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1951.
“Firemen’s Charitable Association of the Seventh District Collection,” n.d. Special Collections. University of New Orleans. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/125.htm.
Fletcher, Laurel, and University of California, Berkeley.;Payson Center for International Development and Technology Transfer.;University of California, Berkeley. Rebuilding after Katrina : a Population-based Study of Labor and human rights in New Orleans. Darby PA.: Diane Publishing, 2006.
Flynn, Dandy. “A scab in Hell!,” 1902. Univeristy of New Orleans, Special Collections.
Fogel, Robert, and Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. The New Orleans Slave Sale Sample, 1804-1862. 1st ed. Ann Arbor Mich.: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, 1976.
Frank, Dana. “White Working-Class Women and the Race Question.” International Labor and Working-Class History, no. 54 (Fall 1998): 80-102.
Gauthreaux, Alan. “An Inhospitable Land: Anti-Italian Sentiment and Violence in Louisiana, 1891-1924.” MA Thesis, University of New Orleans, 2007. http://louisdl.louislibraries.org/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/NOD&CISOPTR=482&REC=4.
**Germany, Kent B. New Orleans After the Promises: Poverty, Citizenship, and the Search for the Great Society. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2007.
Giordano, Paul. The Italians of Louisiana: Their Cultural Background and Their Many Contributions in the Fields of Literature, the Arts, Education, Politics, and Business and Labor, 1978.
Goldman, Gary. Yes, ma’am. G.L. Goldman, 1979.
Gorman, Leo Braselton. “Latino Migrant Labor Strife and Solidarity in Post-Katrina New Orleans, 2005-2007.” MA Thesis, University of New Orleans, 2009. http://louisdl.louislibraries.org/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/NOD&CISOPTR=830&CISOBOX=1&REC=1.
Gowland, Bryan. “The Delacroix Isleños and the Trappers’ War in St. Bernard Parish.” Louisiana History 44, no. 4 (2003): 411.
“Greater New Orleans AFL-CIO Collection,” n.d. Special Collections. University of New Orleans. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/101.htm.
“Greater New Orleans AFL-CIO Collection, Addendum 1,” n.d. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/187.htm.
**Green, James R. “The Brotherhood of Timber Workers 1910-1913: A Radical Response to Industrial Capitalism in the Southern U. S. A..” Past & Present, no. 60 (August 1973): 161-200.
Haas, Edward F. “John Fitzpatrick and Political Continuity in New Orleans, 1896-1899.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 22, no. 1 (Winter 1981): 7-29.
Hall, Covington. Battle Hymns of Toil. Oklahoma City: General Welfare Reporter, 1946.
———. Battle Hymns of Toil, by Covington Hall (Covami). [Oklahoma City, General Welfare Reporter,, n.d.
———. Dreams & dynamite : Selected Poems. Edited by David Roediger. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr Pub. Co., 1985.
**———. Labor Struggles in the Deep South & Other Writings. Edited by Roediger, David. 1st ed. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr Pub., 1999.
———. Quivara, or, The quest of Alvarez, Rogers Ark.: Avalon Press, 1946.
———. Rebellion Made up of Dreams and Dynamite. New Orleans, La., 1915.
———. Rhymes of a rebel … 1st ed. Newllano La.: Llano Cooperative Colony Printing, 1931.
———. Songs of Rebellion. [New Orleans: John J. Weihing Print. Co., 1915.
Hall, Covington, and Alabama Writers’ Project.;Federal Writers’ Project.;United States.;University Microfilms International. Mountain Merchant-Farmer. [S.l.]: Federal Writers’ Project, 1980.
———. The “Andrew Jackson of Southern Labor”. [S.l.]: Federal Writers’ Project, 1980.
Hall, Covington, and Industrial Workers of the World. Fellow Workers, Hear Me! Chicago Ill., 1950.
Hall, Covington, and Wayne State University. “Covington Hall papers,” 1930.
**Halpern, Rick. “Organized Labour, Black Workers and the Twentieth-Century South: The Emerging Revision.” Social History 19, no. 3 (October 1994): 359-383.
Hankins, Jonn Ethan, and New Orleans Museum of Art. Raised to the Trade: Creole Building Arts of New Orleans / Maklansky, Steven. New Orleans: New Orleans Museum of Art, 2002.
Harris, Harrietta Ruth. “Changing Labor Force Patterns for Women in New Orleans and the United States: A General Overview and Some Implications for Social Change,” 1979.
Heartman, Charles, and Xavier University of Louisiana. The Heartman Manuscript Collection on Slavery,, 1751.
Heberle, Rudolf, Louisiana, Division of Employment Security., and Louisiana Division. Survey of the War-Time Labor Force of Louisiana. [Baton Rouge] Dept. of Labor, United States Employment Service, Louisiana, Report and Analysis Dept., 1945.
“Herman Lazard Midlo Collection,” n.d. Special Collections. University of New Orleans. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/107.htm.
Herminghouse, Patricia. “The German Secrets of New Orleans.” German Studies Review 27, no. 1 (February 2004): 1-16.
Hill, Herbert. “The Problem of Race in American Labor History.” Reviews in American History 24, no. 2 (June 1996): 189-208.
Hill, Lance E. The Deacons for Defense: Armed Resistance and the Civil Rights Movement. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
**Hirsch, Arnold. “New Orleans: Sunbelt in the Swamp.” In Sunbelt Cities: Politics and Growth Since World War II, edited by Richard M Bernard and Rice, Bradley Robert. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1983.
Hirsch, Arnold M, Raymond A. “Harold and Dutch: A Comparative Look at the First Black Mayors of Chicago and New Orleans.” In The Making of Urban America, edited by Mohl, Raymond A. 2nd ed. SR Books, 1997.
**Hirsch, Arnold R. “Race and Renewal in the Cold War South: New Orleans, 1947-1968.” In The American Planning Tradition: Culture and Policy. Woodrow Wilson Center Press & Johns Hopkins University Press.
Hirth, Trisha. “Building a Workforce Development System in New Orleans.” University of New Orleans, 2001.
Howland, Wing. “A Tale of Terror.” Niles’ Weekly Register, 1822.
Ingersoll, Thomas N. “Free Blacks in a Slave Society: New Orleans, 1718-1812.” The William and Mary Quarterly 48, no. 2. Third Series (April 1991): 173-200.
International Wood Carvers’ Association of North America. Constitution and By-laws of the New Orleans Branch of the International Wood Carvers’ Association organized March 2d, 1902. [S.l.: s.n.] ;American Print. House), 1907.
Jackson, Joyce Marie. “Declaration of Taking Twice: The Fazendeville Community of the Lower Ninth Ward.” American Anthropologist 108, no. 4. New Series (December 2006): 765-780.
Jacobs, Claude F. “Benevolent Societies of New Orleans Blacks during the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 29, no. 1 (Winter 1988): 21-33.
“Jean Lafitte National Historical Park Collection,” n.d. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/144.htm.
Johnson, Walter. “Masters and Slaves in the Market: Slavery and the New Orleans Trade, 1804-1864.” Dissertation, history, Princeton University, 1995.
**———. Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market. Cambridge, Mass. :: Harvard University Press,, 1999.
Jones, Arthur R. Louisiana’s Human Resources. Part II, Agribusiness and the Labor Force / Taylor, Lee,; 1930-. Bulletin / Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station ;; no. 562; Variation: Bulletin (Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station : 1955) ;; no. 562. [Baton Rouge, La.]: Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, Agricultural Experiment Station, 1963.
Jong, Greta de. “”With the Aid of God and the F.S.A.”: The Louisiana Farmers’ Union and the African American Freedom Struggle in the New Deal Era.” Journal of Social History 34, no. 1 (Autumn 2000): 105-139.
“Josie Arlington Collection,” n.d. http://library.uno.edu/specialcollections/inventories/270.htm.
Jung, Moon-Ho. Coolies and Cane: Race, Labor, and Sugar in the Age of Emancipation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
Kaplan, Ben. A Study of Newsboys in New Orleans, 1929.
Knopp, Lawrence, Amy. “Gentrification and Gay Neighborhood Formation in New Orleans: A Case Study.” In Homo Economics: Capitalism, Community, and Lesbian and Gay Life, edited by Betsy Reed and Gluckman, Amy. New York: Routledge, 1997.
La Dept. of Wildlife & Fish. All Resident Shrimpers. [Baton Rouge ; La.] :: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries,, 2006.
“Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum | “Bringing Louisiana’s Unique Maritime History to Life.”,” n.d. http://lpbmm.org/.
Landau, Emily Epstein. “Spectacular Wickedness”: New Orleans, Prostitution, and the Politics of Sex, 1897-1917, 2005.
———. “Introduction. Hidden from History: Unknown New Orleanians, Louisiana Division, New Orleans Public Library,” n.d. http://nutrias.org/exhibits/hidden/hiddenfromhistory_intro.htm.
Lanier, Sidney. Sidney Lanier Papers, n.d.
Lauer, Grace Vernon. “Working Children Under 14 Years of Age in New Orleans, Louisiana,” 1944.
Leche, Richard Webster. “Stamp out Murderous Wages : the Story of the Two Battles for Humanity.,” 1936. http://hnoc.minisisinc.com/THNOC/SCRIPTS/mwimain.dll/526/1/14/9693?RECORD.
“Lemann family papers inventory | Louisiana Research Collection,” n.d. http://specialcollections.tulane.edu/archon/index.php?p=digitallibrary/digitalcontent&id=226&q=labor.
“Lemann family papers, 1801-1968 | Louisiana Research Collection,” n.d. http://specialcollections.tulane.edu/archon/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=102&q=labor.
Lemann, Nicholas. Revolutionary Patriots : Covington Hall and the Southern Anti-Capitalist Tradition, 1976.
Lewis, Beverly, and Firefly Productions.;Louisiana Public Broadcasting. American Utopia: Louisiana’s New Llano Colony. Documentary. Louisiana Public Broadcasting,, 1994.
**Long, Alecia P. The Great Southern Babylon: Sex, Race, and Respectability in New Orleans, 1865-1920. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.
“Louis J. Twomey, S.J., Office of Mission + Ministry, Loyola University New Orleans,” n.d. http://mm.loyno.edu/jesuit-community/louis-j-twomey-sj.
“Louis J. Twomey, S.J., Papers.” Monroe Library at Loyola University | Collections + Services | Special Collections & Archives | Archival Collections, n.d. http://library.loyno.edu/services_collections/speccoll/archival_collections.php.
Louisiana. Acts of the General Assembly of Louisiana, Regulating Labor. Extra Session, 1865. New Orleans: J.O. Nixon, State Printer, 1866.
———. Laws of Louisiana Relating to Children with Notes of Decisions of the Supreme Court Interpreting the Law. New Orleans, 1920.
———. Manpower Review. New Orleans: The Office, 1977.
———. New Orleans Interim Manpower Projection Program, 1970, 1975, 1976, 1980. Baton Rouge: The Unit, 1974.
Louisiana, Department of Labor., and Research and Statistics Unit. Louisiana Women in the Labor Force. Baton Rouge: The Department, 1980.
Louisiana, and Louisiana. Labor Area Trends. Orleans, Jefferson, St. Bernard, and St. Tammany Parishes. New Orleans, n.d.
Louisiana Works Progress Administration (WPA). Listing of mens’ and women’s clubs in New Orleans Louisiana, probably from the early 1900s., n.d.
———. New Llano Cooperative Colony, 1936.
Louisiana. New Orleans: Employment Projections Program, 1970, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1985 : Industries, Occupations, Job Openings. [New Orleans: The Unit], 1976.
———. Report of meeting held by the Arbitration Committee appointed by the Governor of the State of Louisiana to inquire into conditions in the New Orleans milk shed … [milk strike]. [New Orleans: F.E. Zimmer & Co., 1947.
Louisiana. Division of Employment Security. The Workers of the New Orleans Area. [Baton Rouge, 1959.
Lutz, Dan. “”Us the Hoboes and Dreamers”: Covington Hall and the Search for a Southern Radicalism.” BA Thesis, 2001.
Magnaghi, Russell M. “Louisiana’s Italian Immigrants Prior to 1870.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 27, no. 1 (Winter 1986): 43-68.
“Major Shipbuilders in the US: 6 Active,” n.d. http://shipbuildinghistory.com/history/shipyards/1major.htm.
Marshall, F. Ray. Labor in the South. Wertheim publications in industrial relations;. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1967.
Martinez II, Carlos M. “The “Re-Latinization” of New Orleans in the Twentieth Century: Multiple Waves of Hispanic Migration.” MA Thesis, University of New Orleans, 2010. http://louisdl.louislibraries.org/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/NOD&CISOPTR=981&CISOBOX=1&REC=1.
McCoy, A. D. Thoughts on Labor in the South, Past, Present and Future. New Orleans: Blelock & Co, 1865.
McDevitt, Paul Killian. A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Returns to Scale, Total Cost Determination, and Labor Productivity Change in Urban Mass Transit, with Special Reference to New Orleans, 1974.
McNaspy, C. J. 1915- (Clement J. ), La. ) Loyola University (New Orleans, and Institute of Human Relations. At Face Value Father Twomey. New Orleans: Institute of Human Relations, Loyola University of the South, 1978.
McNaspy, C. J. Clement J. Louis J. Twomey, S.J.: La Justicia Social Como Solución Cristiana. Ediciones Loyola, 1985.
McNeill, Garnett. The History of Child Labor Legislation in Louisiana, 1935.
———. The History of Child Labor Legislation in Louisiana, 1935.
Messner, William F. Freedmen and the Ideology of Free Labor: Louisiana, 1862-1865. USL history series ;; no. 12;. Lafayette, La.: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1978.
Miller, Carroll George. “A study of the New Orleans Longshoremen’s Unions from 1850 to 1962..” M.A., [S.l.]: Louisiana State University, 1962.
Mizell-Nelson, Michael. “Challenging and Reinforcing White Control of Public Space: Race Relations on New Orleans Streetcars, 1861-1965.” Dissertation, 2001.
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